A spelling pronunciation: pronunciation of a word according to its spelling, at odds with a standard or traditional pronunciation.
Old English (450-1100 AD)
Words spelled with silent letters island, often , or traditionally pronounced with reduced vowels or omitted consonants cupboard, Worcester , may be subject to a spelling pronunciation. Two or more distinct sounds merge into on, leaving fewer distinct sounds in the phonological inventory than there were before. Peninsular Spain I.
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Split Follows merger, merger in their environment cause the phonemic status of the sounds involved in the splits to change from being predictable conditioned variants of sounds allophonic to unpredictable, contrastive, distinctive sounds phonemic. Umlaut in English Umlaut created front-vowel allophones of back vowels. Benware, Wilbur A. Workbook in historical phonology: Sound change, internal reconstruction, comparative reconstruction. Lanham, MD: Univ. Press of America.
This book gives forty-eight exercises, all built on sound patterns, drawing on a wide array of languages of the world and concluding with brief statements about the direction of sound change, lenition, and palatalization. Diachronic phonology. In The Cambridge handbook of phonology. Edited by Paul de Lacy, — Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ.
DOI: An important early 21st century overview, focusing on how functionalist and formal approaches do and do not differ and reconciling neogrammarian regularity and diffusionist and emergentist approaches. Fisiak, Jacek, ed.
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Recent developments in historical phonology. Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs 4. The Hague: Mouton.
History of English
Garrett, Andrew. Sound change. In The Routledge handbook of historical linguistics. Edited by Claire Bowern and Bethwyn Evans, — Abingdon: Routledge. Honeybone, Patrick, and Joseph Salmons, eds. The Oxford handbook of historical phonology.
Language Evolution: Flocking Behaviour: The Regularity of Sound Change
Oxford: Oxford Univ. This handbook contains thirty-seven chapters on the broadest range of current research on sound change, including methods and theories, and broad surveys of templatic change, real-time change, and tone changes.
In The Blackwell companion to phonology. Edited by Marc van Oostendorp, Colin J. Ewen, Elizabeth Hume, and Keren Rice, — Malden, MA: Blackwell. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page.